Southern laws mandating racial segregation included
Segregation is usually understood as a legal system of control consisting of the denial of voting rights, the maintenance of separate schools, and other forms of separation between the races, but formal legal rules were only one part of the regime.
Some historians list three other important elements contributing to the creation and reinforcement of the status quo: physical force and terror, economic intimidation, and psychological control exerted through messages of low worth and negativity transmitted socially to African American citizens.
The law has been only partially effective, as many landlords continue to ignore the FHA with impunity.
Facing an end to both public school segregation laws and laws banning interracial marriage, Southern policymakers grow concerned about the possibility of interracial dating in public high schools.
At the end of the Civil War, Alabama had to reconstitute its state legislature.
The state's first postwar constitution, drafted in 1865, actually cut back on equal rights for freedmen that had been present in Alabama's antebellum constitutions.
Segregation is defined by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance as "the act by which a (natural or legal) person separates other persons on the basis of one of the enumerated grounds without an objective and reasonable justification, in conformity with the proposed definition of discrimination.
The National Party enacted and enforced a series of petty apartheid laws.Earlier forms of racial discrimination were already present even before the South African National Party adopted apartheid as a matter of national policy.Under apartheid, the population was divided into four groups: black, white, Indian, and coloured.Apartheid and segregation were racially oppressive laws that enforced the denial of the most fundamental human rights.This article dives into the significant differences between apartheid in South Africa and racial segregation in the US.